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How Many Chemicals Are in Vape Juice? A Look at Vape Juice Ingredients

What Chemicals Are in Vape Juice

Andres Roman |

Perhaps the most important thing to learn is what exactly are the ingredients that are used in vape juice. Which is why we’ll break down what ingredients are used to manufacture vape juice and even the different types of nicotine available. 


Table of Contents:

  1. What Is In Vape Juice?
  2. Vape Juice Recommendations
  3. Vegetable Glycerin
  4. Propylene Glycol
  5. VG/PG Ratios
  6. Flavorings
  7. Nicotine
  8. Conclusion

What Is In Vape Juice?

If you are a vaping newbie, you might wonder just how many ingredients there are in this delicious nectar I love to create vapor with. Well, the answer is simple. E-liquid, or vape juice, is made using four main ingredients:


  • Vegetable Glycerin
  • Propylene Glycol
  • Flavorings
  • Nicotine (which is optional)

Vape Juice Recommendations

But before we break down all the ingredients, we want to introduce you to three delicious vape juices that will change your life, well, maybe not your life, but will definitely brighten your day. 

Mango Strawberry Tobacco Free Nicotine Vape Juice by Juice Head

If you are looking for synthetic nicotine vape juices, then the Mango Strawberry TFN Vape Juice by Juice Head is a great alternative. Light and airy, this delicious vape skips heaviness and trades it for lightness, creating a sensation that is refreshing and crisp, like flavored water, and avoids the sugary thickness that can sometimes be overbearing. If you are looking for something that will reset your palate and refreshes you completely, you’ve found it. 

Sunset Sherbert by Chain Vapez E-Liquid

If what you need is a traditional vape juice with freebase nicotine, then the Sunset Sherbet by Chain Vapez E-Liquid is a great choice. Aimed at sweet tooth vapers that enjoy a sugar rush, this excellent vape juice that combines a fruit medley and other undisclosed flavors will blow you away. Sweet but not too sweet; it does not get any better than this. 

Menthol Burst by Volcano eCigs E-Liquid

Menthol Burst by Volcano eCigs E-Liquid is one of the best nic salts we have to offer. Made in Hawaii and sold globally, Menthol Burst is winter in a bottle. As soon as you vape it, your mouth will become a frozen tundra with sweet hints of mint to spare. Perfect for pod systems and menthol fans, this product is a must. 

Vegetable Glycerin

Let’s start with the first ingredient. Vegetable glycerin (VG) is a natural chemical that is found in vegetable oils and is used in numerous medical, food, and personal products. VG is used in low-sugar food to add sweetness,  in soap and hand cream, and even in toothpaste. So you basically already use it in one way or another. Since VG is widely used in both personal products and foods, it has been authorized by the FDA. However, there are a few studies on the effects of VG as an aerosol, but found to be benign to humans in other forms. 

Propylene Glycol

Propylene glycol (PG) is a substance synthesized from corn, soy, and petroleum. It is odorless and flavorless and is used in many types of medicine. In the real world, you can find PG in oral hygiene products,shampoos, and deodorants. Again, just like with VG, the effects of PG as an aerosol have not been studied extensively, but PG is authorized for distribution as a food additive by the FDA


We should also state that a small percentage of the population is allergic to PG. But since PG is so prevalent in personal hygiene products and medicines, there is a chance that you would know by now if you are allergic to PG, although we would still insist that you know the answer to that question before consuming it in any form. If you have worries about being allergic to PG, we recommend buying 100% VG vape juice with zero PG content.  

VG/PG Ratios

The experience of vaping can change dramatically depending on the VG/PG ratio used. VG for example, tends to be sweeter and also creates bigger, denser clouds, while PG gives more of a throat hit, which makes the vape juice harsher and also carries flavor way better than VG.


In short, you can expect vape juice to generate more clouds if there is more VG in the mix. But if for example, you have a 50VG/50PG  ratio, you can expect a stronger, harsher vape juice that is big on flavor.


The third ingredient in vape juice are flavorings and food-grade artificial flavors. They are the same substances used by companies that make lollipops, snacks, ice cream, and other artificially flavored foods. In more complex vape juices, you can find as many as 12 different types of flavors in a single bottle of vape juice.


While there is no way to reduce your nicotine intake with cigarettes, with vaping, you can slowly decrease the amount as you see fit. Most vape juices even offer a 0% nicotine options, which means your simply vaping on a flavorful cloud of vapor. Currently, there are three kinds of nicotine used in vape juices, synthetic nicotine, nicotine salts, and freebase nicotine.


  • Freebase nicotine: The most common form of nicotine. It’s used in almost every nicotine product in the world (patches, gum, chewing tobacco, etc). It’s derived from the tobacco plant and has traditionally been the most popular form of nicotine used in vape juice. 
  • Nicotine Salts: Created by JUUL, nicotine salts are still tobacco-derived but a substance that has been chemically modified to be more potent and more bioabsorbable. This type of nicotine is used in disposables and pod systems since it does not require too much wattage.
  • Synthetic nicotine: Synthetic nicotine, also known as tobacco-free nicotine (TFN), is a lab-made substance. It’s 100% man-made, meaning that it does not use tobacco. TFN has become incredibly popular and is currently used by most manufacturers.


The next time you look at your vape juice bottle, you won’t wonder just what the heck it is that you are vaping. It’s not rocket science, but with a fast, simple read, you’re at least aware of what it is you’re consuming. Remember, we never even knew gluten existed until we found out about it. If you want to score some amazing e-liquids at a discount, make sure you check out our vape clearance, where you can find all types of vape juice with up to 45% off! 

EjuiceDB articles and blogs are meant to entertain and educate. However, we are not medical professionals and do not intend to give medical advice through them. Furthermore, Vaping products and nicotine use are only meant for persons over the age of 21.

Children, breastfeeding and pregnant women, persons with risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, or that take medications especially for depression or asthma should not use nicotine or vaping products. Always consult a licensed physician prior to use.